These are Tuareg (Tamachaq) swords called "takuba". The Tamachaq people are unmistakable in Niger with their flowing robes, their blue or black turbans, and their long swords hanging at their sides. Nearly every tourist ends up buying one of these takuba, which can be as long as 34 inches! An aside here: The Songhai also call swords takuba, so I don't know if they borrowed the word from the Tamachaq or if both the Songhai and the Tamachaq borrowed it from the Arabic.
While in Sebring, FL, Dr. John Oliver preached on Psalm 45. Verse 3 says, "Gird your sword upon your side, O mighty one; clothe yourself with splendor and majesty." He told us that during the coronation for the Queen (or King) of England, the Archbishop hands her/him this sword which dates back to the 15th century and says:
"Receive this kingly Sword,
brought now from the Altar of God,
and delivered to you by the hands of us
the Bishops and servants of God, though unworthy.
With this sword do justice,
stop the growth of iniquity,
protect the holy Church of God,
help and defend widows and orphans,
restore the things that are gone to decay,
maintain the things that are restored,
punish and reform what is amiss,
and confirm what is in good order:
that doing these things you may be glorious in all virtue;
and so faithfully serve our Lord Jesus Christ in this life,
that you may reign for ever wtih him
in the life which is to come. AMEN."
If this is what the Queen of England can do with the sword, imagine what King Jesus will do when he comes again to reign on this earth!
I just thought it was a beautiful bit of pagentry and wanted to share it!